From WikiProjectMed
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Clinical data
ATC code
  • none
  • 5-{4-[(1-methylcyclohexyl)methoxy]benzyl}-1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dione
CAS Number
PubChem CID
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.220.474 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass333.45 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • O=C1NC(=O)SC1Cc3ccc(OCC2(C)CCCCC2)cc3
  • InChI=1S/C18H23NO3S/c1-18(9-3-2-4-10-18)12-22-14-7-5-13(6-8-14)11-15-16(20)19-17(21)23-15/h5-8,15H,2-4,9-12H2,1H3,(H,19,20,21) ☒N
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Ciglitazone (INN) is a thiazolidinedione. Developed by Takeda Pharmaceuticals in the early 1980s, it is considered the prototypical compound for the thiazolidinedione class.[1][2][3][4]

Ciglitazone was never used as a medication, but it sparked interest in the effects of thiazolidinediones. Several analogues were later developed, some of which—such as pioglitazone and troglitazone—made it to the market.[2]

Ciglitazone significantly decreases VEGF production by human granulosa cells in an in vitro study, and may potentially be used in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.[5] Ciglitazone is a potent and selective PPARγ ligand. It binds to the PPARγ ligand-binding domain with an EC50 of 3.0 μM. Ciglitazone is active in vivo as an anti-hyperglycemic agent in the ob/ob murine model.[6] Inhibits HUVEC differentiation and angiogenesis and also stimulates adipogenesis and decreases osteoblastogenesis in human mesenchymal stem cells.[7]


  1. ^ Pershadsingh HA, Szollosi J, Benson S, Hyun WC, Feuerstein BG, Kurtz TW (June 1993). "Effects of ciglitazone on blood pressure and intracellular calcium metabolism". Hypertension. 21 (6 Pt 2): 1020–3. doi:10.1161/01.hyp.21.6.1020. PMID 8505086.
  2. ^ a b Hulin B, McCarthy PA, Gibbs EM (1996). "The glitazone family of antidiabetic agents". Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2: 85–102.
  3. ^ Imoto H, Imamiya E, Momose Y, Sugiyama Y, Kimura H, Sohda T (October 2002). "Studies on non-thiazolidinedione antidiabetic agents. 1. Discovery of novel oxyiminoacetic acid derivatives". Chem. Pharm. Bull. 50 (10): 1349–57. doi:10.1248/cpb.50.1349. PMID 12372861.
  4. ^ Sohda T, Kawamatsu Y, Fujita T, Meguro K, Ikeda H (November 2002). "[Discovery and development of a new insulin sensitizing agent, pioglitazone]". Yakugaku Zasshi (in Japanese). 122 (11): 909–18. doi:10.1248/yakushi.122.909. PMID 12440149.
  5. ^ Shah DK, Menon KM, Cabrera LM, Vahratian A, Kavoussi SK, Lebovic DI (April 2010). "Thiazolidinediones decrease vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production by human luteinized granulosa cells in vitro". Fertil. Steril. 93 (6): 2042–7. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2009.02.059. PMC 2847675. PMID 19342033.
  6. ^ Willson, T.M.; Cobb, J.E.; Cowan, D.J.; et al. (1996). "The structure-activity relationship between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ agonism and the antihyperglycemic activity of thiazolidinediones". J Med Chem. 39 (3): 665–668. doi:10.1021/jm950395a. PMID 8576907.
  7. ^ Xin, X.; et al. (1999). "Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ligands are potent inhibitors of angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo;". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (13): 9116–21. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.13.9116. PMID 10085162.