|Other names: Miliary aneurysms, Microaneurysms|
|a) Charcot–Bouchard aneurysm in superficial cortical layer b) higher magnification of CBA with fibrosis and foamy macrophages c) CBA in the mid cortex, trichrome stains collagen blue and focal fibrin red d) CD163 immunostain highlights macrophages surrounding and within the CBA|
|Diagnostic method||CT or MRI brain scan|
Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms are aneurysms of the brain vasculature which occur in small blood vessels (less than 300 micrometre diameter). Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms are most often located in the lenticulostriate vessels of the basal ganglia and are associated with chronic hypertension. Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms are a common cause of cerebral hemorrhage.
Retinal microaneurysms are seen in conditions like diabetic retinopathy,: 498 HIV related retinal microangiopathy,: 467 sickle cell retinopathy,: 533 idiopathic macular telangiectasia: 601 etc. In diabetic retinopathy, due to breakdown in blood–retinal barrier, microaneurysms may leak plasma constituents into the retina, or it may thrombose.: 498
Signs and symptoms
Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms are aneurysms in the small penetrating blood vessels of the brain. They are associated with hypertension. The common artery involved is the lenticulostriate branch of the middle cerebral artery. Common locations of hypertensive hemorrhages include the putamen, caudate, thalamus, pons, and cerebellum.
The management of Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms in the event of intracerebral hemorrhage is:
- Secure the airway
- Blood pressure control
- Maintaining circulation with pressors
- Surgery(may be needed)
Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms are named for the French physicians Jean-Martin Charcot and Charles-Joseph Bouchard. Bouchard discovered these aneurysms during his doctoral research under Charcot.
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