Cetrimonium chloride

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Cetrimonium chloride
Cetrimonium chloride.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
N,N,N-Trimethylhexadecan-1-aminium chloride
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.571 Edit this at Wikidata
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C19H42N.ClH/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20(2,3)4;/h5-19H2,1-4H3;1H/q+1;/p-1 checkY
    Key: WOWHHFRSBJGXCM-UHFFFAOYSA-M checkY
  • InChI=1/C19H42N.ClH/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20(2,3)4;/h5-19H2,1-4H3;1H/q+1;/p-1
    Key: WOWHHFRSBJGXCM-REWHXWOFAY
  • CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC[N+](C)(C)C.[Cl-]
Properties
C19H42ClN
Molar mass 320.00 g/mol
Pharmacology
D08AJ02 (WHO) R02AA17 (WHO)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

Cetrimonium chloride, or cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC), is a topical antiseptic and surfactant. Long-chain quaternary ammonium surfactants, such as cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC), are generally combined with long-chain fatty alcohols, such as stearyl alcohols, in formulations of hair conditioners and shampoos.[1][2] The cationic surfactant concentration in conditioners is generally of the order of 1–2% and the alcohol concentrations are usually equal to or greater than those of the cationic surfactants. The ternary system, surfactant/fatty alcohol/water, leads to a lamellar structure forming a percolated network giving rise to a gel. [2]

See also

References