Cavernous venous malformation

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Cavernous venous malformation
File:PMC5189611 eplasty16ic48 fig3.jpg
Gross examination of the left orbital cavernous venous malformation.

Cavernous venous malformations present as rounded, bright red or deep purple, spongy nodules, occurring chiefly on the head and neck and may involve both the skin and the mucous membranes.[1]

It can be associated with KRIT1, CCM2 or PDCD10.[2]

See also


  1. James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed.). Saunders. Page 584. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0.
  2. Pagenstecher A, Stahl S, Sure U, Felbor U (March 2009). "A two-hit mechanism causes cerebral cavernous malformations: complete inactivation of CCM1, CCM2 or CCM3 in affected endothelial cells". Hum. Mol. Genet. 18 (5): 911–8. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddn420. PMC 2640205. PMID 19088124.

External links