Bazex–Dupré–Christol syndrome

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Bazex–Dupré–Christol syndrome
Other names: Bazex syndrome,[1] follicular atrophoderma and basal cell carcinomas[1]
This condition is inherited in an X-linked dominant manner.

Bazex–Dupré–Christol syndrome is a very rare condition inherited in an X-linked dominant fashion. Physical findings typically include follicular atrophoderma, multiple basal cell carcinomas, hypotrichosis, and hypohidrosis.[2]

Signs and symptoms

Dorsal side lesions on hands

Clinical presentation of this condition is as follows:[3]

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Decreased ability to sweat
  • Joint hypermobility
  • Narrow nasal ridge
  • Sparse hair
  • Milia
  • Pili torti
  • Abnormalities of fingers
  • Eczema
  • Macrotia


BCDS is inherited in an X-linked dominant manner. This means the defective gene responsible for the disorder is located on the X chromosome, and only one copy of the defective gene is sufficient to cause the disorder when inherited from a parent who has the disorder. Males are normally hemizygous for the X chromosome, having only one copy. As a result, X-linked dominant disorders usually show higher expressivity in males than females.[citation needed]

As the X chromosome is one of the sex chromosomes (the other being the Y chromosome), X-linked inheritance is determined by the sex of the parent carrying a specific gene and can often seem complex. This is because, typically, females have two copies of the X-chromosome, while males have only one copy. The difference between dominant and recessive inheritance patterns also plays a role in determining the chances of a child inheriting an X-linked disorder from their parentage.[citation needed]A locus of Xq24-q27 has been described.[4] However, no gene has been identified.


Genetic testing--x linked dominant pattern associated with various neoplasm (eg. basal cell carcinoma)[citation needed]


In terms of the management of this condition involves the following:[3]

  • Photoprotection
  • Early detection carcinomas
  • Surgical intervention

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 978-1-4160-2999-1.
  2. Bolognia, J (2008) "Dermatology," Mosby, ISBN 9781416029991.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Bazex-Dupre-Christol syndrome | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) – an NCATS Program". Archived from the original on 18 March 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  4. Vabres P, Lacombe D, Rabinowitz LG, et al. (July 1995). "The gene for Bazex-Dupré-Christol syndrome maps to chromosome Xq". J. Invest. Dermatol. 105 (1): 87–91. doi:10.1111/1523-1747.ep12313359. PMID 7615983.

External links