Alclometasone

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Alclometasone
Alclometasone.svg
Names
Trade namesAclovate
Other namesAlclometasone dipropionate[1]
  • (7R,8S,9S,10R,11S,13S,14S,16R,17R)-7-Chloro-11,17-dihydroxy-17-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-10,13,16-trimethyl-7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-octahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
Clinical data
Drug classCorticosteroid[2]
Main usesAtopic dermatitis, psoriasis, allergic contact dermatitis[2]
Side effectsRedness, irritation, acne, skin thinning, striae[2]
Pregnancy
category
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Routes of
use
Topical
Onset of actionEczema: 5.3 - 13.9 days; Psoriasis: 6.7 - 14.8 days [3]
External links
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
US NLMAlclometasone
MedlinePlusa604021
Legal
Legal status
Pharmacokinetics
Bioavailability3% systemically (topical)
MetabolismHepatic
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC22H29ClO5
Molar mass408.92 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
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Alclometasone, sold under the brand name Aclovate among others, is a corticosteroid used for certain skin conditions.[2] This includes atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and allergic contact dermatitis.[2] It is applied to the skin.[2]

Common side effects include redness, irritation, acne, skin thinning, and striae.[2] Other side effects may include Cushing’s syndrome and infection.[2] Safety in pregnancy is unclear.[2] It is of moderate strength.[1]

Alclometasone was approved for medical use in the United States in 1982.[2] It is available as a generic medication.[4] In the United States 15 grams costs about 12 USD as of 2022.[4] In the United Kingdom 50 grams costs the NHS about £13.[1]

Medical uses

Alclometasone cream and ointment are indicated for the relief of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses, including:

Alclometasone may be used on sensitive skin sites (face, skinfolds); in pediatric patients 1 year or older and in geriatric patients.

Dosage

It is applied as 0.05% once to two per day.[1]

Contraindications

  • hypersensitivity to alclometasone or any of ingredients in pharmaceutical forms
  • cutaneous tuberculosis
  • chicken pox
  • perioral dermatitis
  • acne
  • rosacea
  • open wounds
  • trophic ulcers
  • viral infection of skin
  • skin manifestations of syphilis

Side effects

Adverse reactions (sometimes, less than 1-2% cases) include:

Pharmacology

Alclometasone induces the production of lipocortins, formally known as annexins, which inhibit phospholipase A2 – the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of arachidonic acid. Without the oxidation of arachidonic acid, eicosanoids, such as prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes, can't be produced.

Alclometasone also inhibits the release of pro-inflammatory mediators from leukocytes (e.g., cytokines, histamine, leukotrienes, serotonin).

Society and culture

Alclometasone as Aclovate is supplied in:

  • Cream; Topical; 0.05%
  • Ointment; Topical; 0.05%

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 BNF 81: March-September 2021. BMJ Group and the Pharmaceutical Press. 2021. p. 1286. ISBN 978-0857114105.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 "Alclometasone Monograph for Professionals". Drugs.com. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  3. "Alclometasone - Professional Patient Advice". Drugs.com. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Alclometasone Prices, Coupons & Savings Tips - GoodRx". GoodRx. Retrieved 13 January 2022.

External links

Identifiers: