Chondroma

A chondroma is a noncancerous cartilaginous tumor, usually in the fingers.[2][1]

Chondroma
Lantern slide; Multiple chondromata of fingers. Wellcome L0028445.jpg
Multiple chondromata of fingers
SpecialtyInfectious diseases
SymptomsSwellings in fingers[1]
Frequencyrare[1]

It is very rare.[1]

Classification

Based upon location, a chondroma can be described as an enchondroma or ecchondroma.[citation needed]

  • enchondroma - tumor grows within the bone and expands it
  • ecchondroma - grows outward from the bone (rare)

Signs and symptoms

They can be single or multiple (Ollie's disease), and have a tendency to occur in fingers and toes where the bones are like tubes.[2][3]

Mechanism

Tumor cells (chondrocytes, cartilaginous cells) resemble normal cells and produce the cartilaginous matrix (amorphous, basophilic material).

Diagnosis

A well-defined area of bone loss in the medulla of the bone is seen on x-ray.[2]

Treatment

Treatment involves surgical removal of the tumor and bone grafted bone grafting.[2]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Johnstone, Ronald B. (2017). "36. Tumours of muscle, cartilage and bone". Weedon's Skin Pathology Essentials (2nd ed.). Elsevier. p. 658. ISBN 978-0-7020-6830-0.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Bone tumours. What are Bone Tumours?". patient.info. Archived from the original on 24 April 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  3. Lakshmanan, Palaniappan (11 July 2019). "Chondroma: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". Medscape. Archived from the original on 3 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.

External links

  •   Media related to Lua error in Module:Commons_link at line 61: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). at Wikimedia Commons
  • Photo in Atlas of Pathology
Classification